Desired by empires along centuries and millenniums, overlapping both Asia and Europe, Istanbul is one of the world’s greatest capitals. Istanbul has withstood the different ruling systems established by various emperors who camped and made it the central administration city for their empires. Istanbul reserved its excellent position as the central point of their empire. The city was officially called Istanbul immediately after the establishment of the Turkish Republic. It is copiously scattered with celebrated remains of its long and impressive history, and the exploration here can electrify even the most memorial-weary visitor. There are several attractions and adventuresome sites in Istanbul among them are:
Suleymaniye Mosque is one of the most acknowledged and impressive landmarks of Istanbul. It was built a millennium after Hagia Sophia for Suleyman The Magnificient by the famous Ottoman architect Sinan between 1549 and 1575. It is known for its elegance. The interior is overshadowed by spiralling 53 m dome that is distinguishable for its harmonious significant proportions and unity of design. Sinan The Architect was among the greatest architects of all time. The grounds of the Mosque had a hospital, kitchen for making food for the poor, schools for young children and a religious school, medical school, and a caravansary. It was fundamentally a safe place for traveling merchants and their camels where they could safely spend the night.
Outside in the serene garden area is an attention-grabbing Ottoman cemetery that is also home to the tombs of the Sultan Suleyman and his wife Haseki Hurrem Sultan (known in the west as Roxelana).
Aya (Hagia) Sophia is one among the magnificent structures in Turkey; established long ago as a landmark for the first church, the building has been of significant economic value in the tourism sector for many years. Due to political instability and constant fight and disagreement over the structure, one of the greatest emperors of the countries made it a museum. This building has been relished ever since the 15th century. It was declared public museum to be enjoyed by both Christians and Muslims because it was an important building to fight over.
People in Turkey claim that Justinian leadership accomplished the great work of the church that he claimed to have surpassed King Solomon for church building work. The Aya Sofya was the emperor’s boasting statement to the world of affluence and technical aptitude of his empire. Tradition held that the region neighbouring the emperor’s throne within the church was the real centre of the world. The changing of Hagia to a mosque was after the Ottoman army conquered Constantinople.
Topkapi Palace was built by Mehmet the Conqueror in the 15th century. This splendid palace alongside the Bosporus was the home and administration place for sultans of the Ottoman Empire who ruled their dominions until the 19th century for over 600 years. The massive complex is a stunning display of Islamic art and virtuosity with affluent courtyards, lined with elaborate hand-painted tile work, joining a warren of magnificently decorated quarters, all enclosed by battlement walls and tower.
There are many fascinating figures in Topkapi, of the many things the most prevalent are: the Harem (where the emperor’s wives, concubines and children, used to spend their days); the Second Court where people walk through the magnificent Palace Kitchens and stand in admiration at the incredible core of the Imperial Council Chamber. Third Court (contained the emperor’s private chambers) this exhibits an extraordinary collection and remnants of Prophet Muhammad also called Sacred custody chamber is home to the imperial capital. In this house, you are received by a cache of gleaming gold materials and precious jewels that will make your eyes water. Topkapi is not a hurry zone as it captures individual heart and soul fantasies.
Istanbul Archaeological Museum
The archaeological museum in Istanbul forms a great adventurous point in the world. The museum comprises of three sections or buildings: the museum of ancient Orient, the archaeological museum and the tiled pavilion.
The museum of ancient Orient has a variety of fascinating sites that include sculptures, tools and weaponry tools from Egypt, Mesopotamia and Arabia. This place still stores one of the oldest treaties; treaty of
Kadesh, which was signed in 13th century BC between Hittites and Ramses II; The museum also houses tiles of lions and dragons at the entrance.
The museum also has the Alexander Sarcophagus carvings and sculptures that show him in battles or while hunting this attracts many foreigners to the site. The masterpieces in the museum show an attribute of reality in the carvings. It portrays sarcophagus mourning of women. These sculptures were excavated from the Royal Necropolis at Sidon that displays the figures of him and the women that bring the sense of reality in them. This museum is worth visiting as it has much more adventurous than the mentioned above.
Sultan Ahmet’s majestic architectural reward to his people was this exquisite mosque, commonly known as the Blue Mosque today. It was built in 1609 to 1616; the mosque caused an uproar throughout the Muslim denomination in the world when it was completed as it had six minarets (same as the Great Mosque of Mecca). A seventh minaret was ultimately gifted to Mecca to stop the dissension. The mosque got its nickname from the interior decoration of the tens of thousands of Iznik tiles that are blue in colour. The entire dimension and colour effect of the inside-mosque makes the mosque one of the grand accomplishments of Ottoman architecture.
Taksim Square is located in the northeastern part of Istiklal Caddesi in Beyoglu Istanbul. It is among the modern figures of Istanbul. This square was laid back in the 1800’s around a Taksim branching point. At the southern end side of the square stands the independence monument (Istiklal Aniti), which depicts the Turkish founder Kemal Ataturk. In the opposite northern end is Ataturk cultural centre. It is a great place to owe in mind the things that had happened there in the past; more to this are the cosy restaurants and shopping malls at the park where people enjoy delicious turkey foods and beverages. It forms one of the greatest places in Turkey nation.
Galata Bridge spans the mouth of Golden Horn and joins the Asia side of Istanbul to the European Galata. Earlier ago there was a pontoon bridge that had more charm than the current bridge. It is a movable bridge, and it’s astonishing to view. It is 490m long and was built in 1992; has a walking line and three lanes for vehicles, this is an excellent walk site as the activities and culture that takes place on the bridge are amazingly attractive. The bridge has got hotels restaurants and fishermen all around the place like a town or a see-shore. The breeze on the bridge is welcoming and delicious cookeries are worth a visit.
Golden Horn is one of the supreme natural harbours in the world; Golden Horn is approximately 7 km long circular inlet leading to Bosporus near the Galata Bridge. During the medieval era, the Golden Horn used to be closed to shipping by a chain across its mouth. For detailed shoreline views, people stage at Hasköy (where they can visit the beautiful 18th-century pavilion of Aynalikavak Kasri) and Eyup ( people can catch a cruise from Eminönü dock ).
The Basilica Cistern is one of Istanbul’s most fantastic tourist attraction and expedition site. This great, fortress-like underground hall, reinforced by 336 columns and 12 rows, used to warehouse the main water supply for the Byzantine emperors. This project was started by Constantine the Great but was accomplished by Emperor Justinian in the 6th century. Most of the columns that were used for construction were reprocessed from previous classical structures that featured beautiful figures. The most prominent of these are the column foundations commonly called Medusa stones that are in the northwest corner with their Medusa-headed carvings. Visiting this place is very atmospheric and exclusively heart-moving. The columns are beautifully lit and the soft, steady trickle of water all around you.
Bosporus Cruise Boat Rental
Bosporus Cruise offers an opulence exploration experience while on a boat. Tourists are picked up at their accommodation apartments and driven to the harbour or port to instigate the cruise. While cruising there are various places and spectacular sights that include Topkapi Palace, the Bosporus Bridge and Beylerbeyi Palace. Frequent Lunch or dinner services are offered with drinks as people cruise. Tourists are dropped back to their hotels at the end of the journey. There are also daily yacht rentals, evening dinner cruises and breakfast service on a boat.
If tourists want to have that all-crucial Istanbul skyline view of minarets and palaces, they have to get out on the water.